Alopecia areata is a disease occurs due to a disorder in the immune system of human. Where the white blood cells in the immune system attack the patient’s hair follicles and destroy them without any known reason. which leads in some way to hairs becoming weak and falling out to cause the bald patches.
This can typically causes patches of baldness on many different areas of patient’s head.
Affected hair follicles are capable of making normal hair again if the immune reaction goes and the situation returns to normal.
In many cases, the hair re-grows, typically after several months. In some cases, the hair loss is permanent. Treatments to promote hair re-growth work in some cases.
Symptoms and causes:
Alopecia areata occurs due to the psychological stress – tension and anxiety – social pressures and so many other things.
According to a last research in UK, scientists have found that genetic factors play an important role in the formation of alopecia, it was also found that the lack of zinc element in the human body can help in its formation too.
There are several different causes and patterns of alopecia. Alopecia areata is one type of hair loss.
Alopecia areata can occur at any age but most cases first develop in teenagers and children. At least half of the people with alopecia areata develop their first patch of hair loss before they are 21. Males and females are equally affected.
In rare cases, some people may experience more extensive hair loss. This is usually an indication of another type of alopecia, such as:
- alopecia totalis, which is the loss of all hair on the scalp
- alopecia universalis, which is the loss of all hair on the entire body
The hair loss associated with alopecia areata is unpredictable and random. The hair may grow back at any time and then may fall out again. The extent of hair loss and regrowth varies greatly from person-to-person.
There are two different treatment types doctors can use to get rid of this illness.
You can rub certain medications such as minoxidil into the scalp, that works when applied to the expansion of blood vessels in the scalp, leading to hair re-growth in the empty areas.
Vitamin pills can also reduce hair loss and re-grow tha old hair if we use it on a long-term.
Vitamin like biotine pills and extended grain of blood vessels pills also can help the patient to stop hair loss.
If we didn’t get any results after using the medications and vitamins so we should resort to surgical treatment which means “hair transplant”.
With hair transplant process we can make a good coverage to the patches which alopecia areata left behind.
HT surgery is the best solution if you want to restore your old shape and get rid of baldnees in genral.